你好,游客 登录 注册 搜索
背景:
阅读新闻

补全短文解题策略点拨

[日期:2017-07-19] 来源:  作者: [字体: ]
一、命题特点

在今年高考英语的9套试题中,有5套(全国卷1-3、以及北京卷和四川卷)出现了补全短文这一题型。补全短文通常是一篇总长度为200-300词的短文,其中有5个空白处,文章后有7段文字,要求考生根据文章内容从这7段文字中选择出5个答案,分别填入文章中5个空白处。

作为对考生阅读理解能力的综合测试,这类题型要求考生从整体上把握文章的逻辑结构和内容上的联系,理解句子之间、段落之间的关系。考生们可以通过练习,加强对文章写作思路和结构组织安排的理解,找到解题规律。

二、解题策略

1、从语意上判断

在做题时最重要的是要读懂空白前后的句子,明白这几句话的确切意思,然后根据意思的连贯性或逻辑性从选项中选取正确答案。

2、从关联词上查找

由于英语的句段之间经常会运用关联词表示衔接和过渡,使文章逻辑更清楚和连贯,如:看到however就能推测下一句话可能和前一句说明的情况恰好相反,而看到therefore就能推测下一句应该是说明前一句的结果等等。因此文章中和选项中表示各种逻辑关系的词汇在选择答案时都是很重要的线索。

下面我们将结合2016年全国卷1的补全短文真题来分析这些解题策略:

Secret codes (密码) keep messages private. Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.

People have used secret codes for thousands of years. 36 Code breaking never lags (落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.

There are three main types of cryptography. 37 For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” spell out the hidden message “Meet me”.

38 You might represent each letter with a number, For example, Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 20 13 5”.

A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. 39 For example, “bridge” might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me”. The message “bridge out” would actually means “Meet me”. 40 However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.

A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.

B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.

C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.

D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.

E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.

F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.

G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.

【解析】:36. D。从语意上可以判断,前一句在说secret codes历史悠久,下一句跳到了code breaking,所以中间会有一个过渡句,使这两句话连贯。

37. E。从下一句的关联词for example以及关键词first letters,spell out可推测,这一句要填和这两个词有关的句子。

38. G。上一段说到了three main types of cryptography,这一段要说明第二种密码方式,所以填Another way to hide a message。

39. F。上一句提到了code book,下一句在说具体的单词分别指代meet和out,所以这句要把这两个信息点结合起来。

40. A。最后一段整段都在说code book的重要性。与下一句的however和hard to keep相呼应,这句要填没有code book很难解码。B项所说的有些字母使用得更多一些和C项所说的keyword这些信息在文中都不相关。
收藏 推荐 打印 | 录入:吴雪峰 | 阅读:
相关新闻      
本文评论   查看全部评论 (0)
表情: 表情 姓名: 字数
点评:
       
评论声明
  • 尊重网上道德,遵守中华人民共和国的各项有关法律法规
  • 承担一切因您的行为而直接或间接导致的民事或刑事法律责任
  • 本站管理人员有权保留或删除其管辖留言中的任意内容
  • 本站有权在网站内转载或引用您的评论
  • 参与本评论即表明您已经阅读并接受上述条款
热门评论