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2013高考英语 --- 书面表达提分秘笈

[日期:2013-09-26] 来源:http://lw.zxxk.com/softList.aspx?page=10&Chann  作者:刘克炜 [字体: ]

      英语高考备考不同于普通“应试”,其主要就在于它的科学性,策略性和技巧性。在最后一个多月的冲刺阶段,考生在复习过程中要努力地探索最佳学习规律,掌握有效的复习技巧,达到事半功倍的学习效果。

       秘笈一:运用高级词汇,彰显强功句式。

   高考英语书面表达对在选词和选句部分有较高的要求,尤其是对于想要得到高分的学生,在作文要使用较高级词汇,借以突显作文亮点,展示自己作文特色,同时也是提升作文档次的重要方面。因此针对历年高考书面表达的高频话题考点,给同学们总结了几个重要的话题词汇,希望你们能熟练掌握。

      话题一:环境保护

Pollution, protect the environment, give off a bad smell, send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air, pour waste water into the river, cut down trees, throw litter, sandstorm, global warming, Greenhouse Effect, live in harmony with, take proper measures to, improve the environment, pose a great threat to, be endangered, die out, become extinct, species, be from bad to worse, spring up like mushrooms, flood into...

      话题二:中学生的兴趣爱好

Spare time, hobby, entertainment, be interested in, have special favor to, be fond of, be keen on, have a taste in, read novels, surf the internet, chat online, collect stamps, doing sports, develop an interest in, play musical instrument...

  话题三:友谊

  Make friends with, friendship, friendly, trust each other, righteous, honesty, knowledgeable, standard, precious, be loyal to, keep in touch with, keep company with sb., have a lot in common, share happiness and bitterness with each other, treasure, good-tempered...

  A friend is a present which you give yourself.

A life without a friend is a life without a sun.

      话题四:劳动、求职与就业

  Offer service to, heart and soul, physical labor, mental labor, honorable, earn pocket money, part-time job, full-time job, steel one’s mind, enlarge one’s knowledge, get working experience, apply for, major in, graduate from, degree, scholarship, be skilled in, confident, experienced, perform well in school, leadership, communicative, cooperative, competitive, diligent...

    话题五:校园文明与安全

School rules and regulations, obey, be neatly dressed, respect one’s teachers and parents, be on time, keep the environment clean, break the rules, spit, cheat in exam, get in line, punish sb for,  it’s shameful to, library card, student ID, bicycle-permit, be absent from...

      秘笈二:巧用插入语,点亮量分点。

      在平时做题时,总会出现不少插入语,尤其在情景交际这部分出现的频率较高,每个插入语都会给整个对话情景增添具体的语言氛围,从插入语中能够判断说话者的语气及态度,而且在写作中若能正确运用这些插入语,会使你的文章表达更地道,从而能使你的文章增色不少。

1. what’s more 更重要的是;更何况;而且
  You should go to see her, because she misses you, and what’s more, she needs your help. 你应该去看她,因为她很想念你,更重要的是,她需要你的帮助。

  He will surely help you, because he is your best friend, and what’s more, he is so kind. 他肯定会帮你,因为他是你最好的朋友,更何况他的心地又是如此之好。
 2. besides更何况
  You can pass the exam, because you study very hard, and besides, you are so clever. 你能通过这次考试,因为你学习很认真,更何况你又很聪明。

 3. what’s worse, to make the matter worse, worse still 更糟糕的是
  You can’t play computer games too much, because it will do harm to your health. What’s worse, it will waste your time. 你不能过分玩电脑游戏,因为它会损害你的身体。更糟糕的是,它会浪费你的时间。
 4. that isto say)也就是说,即
    He will come on National Day, that is (to say), October 1st. 他国庆节,即十月一日来。

 5. or rather 更确切地说
He arrived home late last night, or rather, early this morning. 他昨天深夜,更确切地说,今天一大早才回家。
 6. in other words 换言之
  You needn’t come to work tomorrow, in other words, you are out of work. 你明天不用来上班了,换言之,你下岗了。

 7. believe it or not 信不信由你
  Believe it or not, he is more than one hundred years old. 信不信由你,他已经100多岁了。

 8. generally speaking, generally, in general 一般说来
  Generally speaking, boys are more active than girls. 一般说来,男孩比女孩更活跃。
9. altogether 总之
  She is kind. She is diligent. She is considerate. Altogether she is a good girl. 她善良,她勤奋,她善解人意。总之,她是一个好女孩。

10. in a word 总之
  This book is very interesting. This book is very instructive. This book is very fashionable. In a word, this book is very good. 这本书很有趣,这本书有教育意义,这本书很时尚。总之,这本书很好。

11. similarly 同样
  A machine needs fuel. Similarly, man needs food. 机器需要燃料,同样道理,人类需要营养。

12. worst of all 最糟糕的是
  It was very dark, and I lost my way. Worst of all, it began to rain. 天很暗,我又迷了路,最糟糕的是,天又开始下雨。

13. in fact, actually, in reality, as a matter of fact 实际上
  She seems thirty-five, but in fact, she is only thirty. 她看起来有三十五岁,但实际上只有三十岁。
14. in turn 反过来
  Theory begins with practice and in turn serves practice. 理论来源于实践又反过来为实践服务。

15. in return 做为报答
  She gave me much help, and in return, I gave her some money. 她给我许多帮助,做为报答我给她一些钱。

16. above all 尤其重要的是,最为重要的是
  You can’t waste anything, and above all, you can’t waste your time. 你不能浪费任何东西,尤其不能浪费时间。

17. after all 意思为毕竟,终究,放在句首时含有别忘了之意,用来表示听话人似乎忘记了某一个重要环节而需要被加以提醒,放在句末时有与预料中的情况相反之意
  Let her go alone; after all, she is eighteen, she is no longer a child. 让她一个人去吧,毕竟,她十八岁了,不再是一个小孩了。
 I thought he was sure to die that night, but he lived through after all. 我以为他活不过当晚,但他竟然活过来了。
18. in one’s opinion, in the opinion of sb. ……之见
  In my opinion, your plan is not considerate. 依我看,你的计划并不周全。
19. exactly 非常确切,确切地
    —We should serve the people heart and soul.
    —Exactly. It is our duty to do so.
    —我们应该全心全意为人民服务。
    —确切地说。这是我们的责任
 20. as a result结果
  It rained very hard, and as a result, he couldn’t go out. 雨下得很大,结果他不能出去。
 21. no wonder难怪
    —He started very early yesterday morning.
    —No wonder he got there ahead of time.
    —昨天早晨他出发得很早。
    —难怪他提前赶到了那里。

      所以,书面表达,在平时的训练中,考生就要注意归纳、总结(连接词、常见句式、创新观点、好词好句等等),经常背诵佳句美文。在考试中,则要注意审题、要点、框架、逻辑、标点、大小写等规范性操作,并力求卷面整洁美观。

      此外,最后阶段考生的心理高原反应是必然要经过的阶段,而缓解这种现象最好的方法是培养合作和情感策略。对于英语学习而言,复习阶段的合作策略主要是指与老师和同学共享阅读资源,共同交流写作经验。情感策略主要是指在复习考试和高考中用最佳的心理状态审题、答题和查题,这对于即将迎战的考生而言就显得尤为重要。

 

参考文献

1.《全日制普通高级中学教课书》(试验修订本·必修)·高中英语·(人教版)

2.《2012年全国普通高等学校统一招生考试说明》英语·(人教版) 

3.《全日制普通高级中学教学教材·课程标准》·英语·(人教版)

4.《2012年全国及各省市高考试题全解》英语卷·薛金星·(人民日报出版社2012.7.)

5.《牛津现代高级英汉双解辞典》As Hornby ,张芳杰编(牛津大学出版社

6.《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》As Hornby , Sally Wehmeier, 陆谷孙编 (商务印书馆)

7.《实用英语语法》张道真编(商务印书馆)

8.《英语高考必备》刘锐诚编(中国青年出版社)

9.《现代英语惯用法词典》费致德编 (商务印书馆)

 

 

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