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高中英语派生词归纳

[日期:2017-11-12] 来源:  作者: [字体: ]

高中英语派生词归纳
[ 参照普通高中英语课程标准词汇表 ]

一、根据提示写出下列单词的派生词
序号 词根 noun adj. adv. noun(指人) opposite(反)
1 able ability able   unable
2 vary  v.  various variously 
3 admire  v. admiration admirable   
4 agree agreement    disagree
5 like  alike   unlike
6 amaze amazement amazing / amazed   
7 amuse amusement amusing / amused   
8 angry anger  angrily 
9 anxious anxiety  anxiously 
10 appear appearance    disappear
11 apply application   applicant 
12 assist assistance   assistant 
13 attract attraction attractive   
14 beauty  beautiful beautifully 
15 usual   usually  unusual
16 believe belief believable   unbelievable
17 use  useful   useless
18 brave bravery  bravely 
19 breath breathe    breathless
20 care  careful carefully  careless
21 chemistry  chemical  chemist 
22 comfort  comfortable comfortably 
23 compete competition competent  competitor 
24 contradict contradiction contradictory   
25 cook cooker   cook 
26 correct correction  correctly 
27 translate translation   translator 
28 die death dead deadly 
29 deep depth  deeply 
30 devote devotion devoted   
31 differ difference different   
32 courage encourage    discourage
33 educate education   educator 
34 electric electricity electrical   
35 employ employment /
unemployment   employer / employee 
36 certain   certainly  uncertain
37 exact   exactly 
38 fair fairness    unfair
39 fortune  fortunate fortunately  unfortunate
40 free freedom  freely 
41 friend friendship friendly   
42 govern government   governor 
43 graduate graduation   graduate 
44 guide guidance   guide 
45 happy happiness  happily  unhappy
46 harm  harmful   harmless
47 help  helpful   helpless
48 hope  hopeful hopefully  hopeless
49 immigrate immigration   immigrant 
50 possible possibility    impossible
51 invent invention   inventor 
52 kind kindness  kindly  unkind
53 tour tourism   tourist 
54 luck  lucky luckily  unluckily
55 manage management   manager 
56 music  musical  musician 
57 nation nationality national   
58 organize organization   organizer 
59 paint painting   painter 
60 patient patience  patiently 
61 perform performance   performer 
62 person  personal personally 
63 photograph photography   photographer 
64 physics  physical  physicist 
65 pleasure pleased / pleasant   
66 politics  political  politician 
67 practise practice practical   
68 produce production   product (产品) 
69 proper   properly 
70 qualify qualification qualified   
71 real reality realize / realize (v.) really 
72 receive reception   receiver 
73 relate relation   relative 
74 true truth  truly 
75 sad sadness  sadly 
76 safe safety  safely 
77 satisfy  satisfaction satisfactory / satisfied / satisfying   
78 science  scientific  scientist 
79 separate separation separated   
80 serve service   servant 
81 type typewriter   typist 
82 silent silence  silently 
83 simple simplify  simply 
84 smoke    smoker 
85 social society   socialist 
86 speak speech   speaker 
87 special   specially specialist 
88 willing willingness    unwilling
89 succeed success successful successfully 
90 sudden   suddenly 
91 sun sunshine sunny   
92 taste  tasty   tasteless
93 act action active  actor / actress 
 strong strength strengthen strongly 

二、写出下列单词的名词
1. absent ---- absence  2. accurate ---- accuracy 3. achieve ---- achievement
4. adjust ---- adjustment 5. admit ---- admission  6. affect ---- effect
7. advertise ---- advertisement      8. advise ---- advertisement
9. agent ---- agency  10. analyse ---- analysis  11. apologize ---- apology
12. announce ---- announcement      13. appreciate ---- appreciation
14. argue ---- argument  15. arrange ---- arrangement 16. arrive ---- arrival
17. assess ---- assessment 18. associate ---- association 19. assume ---- assumption
20. bleed ---- blood  21. blind ---- blindness  22. build ---- building
23. celebrate ---- celebration 24. behave ---- behavior 25. child ---- childhood
26. choose ---- choice  27. collect ---- collection 28. communicate --- communication
29. conclude ---- conclusion 30. congratulate ---- congratulation
31. connect ---- connection 32. construct ---- construction 
33. contain ---- container 34. contribute ---- contribution
35. convenient ---- convenience      36. decide ---- decision
37. decorate ---- decoration 38. defend ---- defendence 39. describe---- description
40. develop ---- description 41. difficult ---- difficulty 42. disabled ---- disability
43. distant ---- distance  44. enter ---- entrance  45. equal ---- equality
46. equip ---- equipment  47. evident ---- evidence 48. examine ---- examination
49. exist ---- existence  50. expect ---- expectation 51. explain ---- explanation
52. express ---- expression 53. greet ---- greeting  54. grow ---- growth
55. fail ---- failure   56. feel ---- feeling   57. hungry ---- hunger
58. imagine ---- imagination 59. ill ---- illness   60. important ---- importance
61. impress ---- impression 62. independent ---- independence
63. inform ---- information 64. instruct ---- instruction 65. intelligent ---- intelligence
66. introduce ---- introduction      67. invite ---- invitation
68. judge ---- judgement  69. laugh ---- laughter 70. lose ---- loss
71. marry ---- marriage  72. mean ---- meaning  73. mix ---- mixture 
74. move ---- movement 75. occupy ---- occupation 76. open ---- opening
77. operate ---- operation 78. permit ---- permission 79. pollute ---- pollution
80. press ---- pressure  81. proud ---- pride  82. prepare ---- preparation
83. pronounce ---- pronunciation      84. protect ---- protection
85. punish ---- punishment 86. record ---- recorder(机器)87. require ---- requirement
88. responsible ---- responsibility      89. review---- review
90. reserve ---- reservation 91. secure ---- security  92. shave ---- shaver
93. shop ---- shopping   94. sick ---- sickness  95. spell ---- spelling
96. starve ---- starvation 97. suggest ---- suggestion 98. survive ---- survival
99. tense ---- tension  100. think ---- thought  101. train ---- training
102. treat ---- treatment 103. violent ---- violence lo4. warm ---- warmth
105. weigh ---- weight  106. wise ---- wisdom  107. young ---- youth
108. know ---- knowledge  109. across ---- cross  110. confident ---- confidence
111. appoint ---- appointment 112. slave ---- slavery 113. birth ---- birthplace /birthday
114. social ---- socialism  115. weak ---- weakness  116. sharp ---- sharpener
117. dark ---- darkness  118. long ---- length
 
三、写出下列单词的形容词
1. centre ---- central  2. challenge ---- challenging 3. change ---- changeable / changeful
4. cheer ---- cheerful  5. cloud ---- cloudy  6. day ---- daily
7. danger ---- dangerous 8. delight ---- delighted  9. disturb ---- disturbing
10. dust ---- dusty   11. east ---- eastern   12. west ---- western
13. south ---- southern  14. north ---- northern  15. energy ---- energetic
16. enjoy ---- enjoyable  17. end ---- endless   18. bear ----unbearable
19. agriculture ----agricultural      20. face ---- facial
21. fantasy ---- fantastic 22. fool ---- foolish   23. forget ---- forgetful
24. gold ---- golden  25. health ---- healthy  26. humor ---- humorous
27. love ---- lovely   28. mistake ---- mistaken 29. nature ---- natural
30. noise ---- noisy   31. pain ---- painful  32. peace ---- peaceful
33. poison ---- poisonous 34. power ---- powerful  35. race ---- racial
36. rain ---- rainy   37. reason ---- reasonable 38. religion ---- religious
39. salt ---- salty   40. self ---- selfish   41. skill ---- skilled / skillful
42. snow ---- snowy  43. suit ---- suitable  44. technique ---- technical
45. tradition ---- traditional 46. trouble ---- troublesome 47. thank ---- thankful
48. universe ---- universal 49. value ---- valuable  50. wealth ---- wealthy
51. week ---- weekly  52. wind ---- windy  53. wool ---- woolen
54. world ---- worldwide 55. benefit ---- beneficial 56. sleep ---- sleepy / asleep

四、写出下列单词的动词
1. bath ---- bathe   2. large ---- enlarge  3. weak ---- weaken
4. sharp ---- sharpen  5. dark ---- darken   6. long ---- lengthen

五、写出下列单词的动作执行者(或和本动作有关的人)。
1. architecture ---- architect 2. art ---- artist   3. astronomy ---- astronomer
4. business ---- businessman 5. clean ---- cleaner  6. crime ---- criminal
7. dance ---- dancer  8. design ---- designer  9. engine ---- engineer
10. farm ---- farmer  11. foreign ---- foreigner 12. host ---- hostess
13. hunt ---- hunter  14. lead ---- leader   15. novel ---- novelist
16. own ---- owner   17. piano ---- pianist   18. poem ---- poet
19. police ---- policeman 20. post ---- postman  21. prison ---- prisoner
22. rule ---- ruler   23. sing ---- singer   24. strange ---- stranger
25. teach ---- teacher   26. teenage ---- teenager 27. travel ---- traveler
28. village ---- villager  29. visit ---- visitor   30. win ---- winner
31. work ---- worker  32. library ---- librarian 33. wait ---- waitress
34. write ---- writer  35. report ---- reporter

六、根据派生词进行语法填空。(动词要密切注意时态、语态、人称和非谓语动词)
1. Madame Curie will always be remembered as the discoverer (discover) of radium. She and her husband had done lots of scientific (science) research before discovery (discover) radium.
2. Thomas Edison is considered one of the greatest inventors (invent) in the history. He had over 1000 inventions (invent) all his life.
3. Einstein is always believed to be one of the greatest scientists (science) in the 20th (20) century. He make great contributions (contribute) to modern science and technology.
4. I hear Liming can run 100 meters in 11 seconds. That’s really unbelievable (believe).
5. Don’t hesitate, John. You must make your own decision (decide) right now.
6. Can you give me a description (describe) of lost bag, sir? I’ll call you if I find it.
7. My English teacher always encourages (courage) us to do more speaking. He asks us not to feel discouraged (courage) even if we sometimes make mistakes. He also says that we should pay special attention to our pronunciation (pronounce) when speaking (speak) English.
8. The Great wall is one of the most famous tour attractions (attract) in China. It attracts (attract) a great number of foreigners (foreign).
9. I haven’t received an invitation (invite) of Liping’s wedding yet. I’m afraid I won’t go to her wedding unless invited (invite).
10. The concert was a great success (succeed). The singers were singing beautifully (beauty), and all the musicians (music) were doing successfully (succeed).
11. The injured passengers were sent to the hospital immediately. But unfortunately (fortune), some of them lost their lives on the way t the hospital. All the people think that the careless (care) driver had heavy responsibility (responsible) for the accident.
12. Many fish have died from pollution (pollute) and many birds have died from polluted (pollute) air. a government official (office) says that we should take measures to prevent the environment (from)being polluted (pollute).
13. We all take pride (proud) in the fact that China has entered the World Trade Organization (organize). That means we can buy cheaper foreign products (produce) in the near future.
14. The criminal (crime) is in prison. You can’t see him without the permission (permit) of the police.
15. Personally (person) speaking, what the physician (physics) said at the conference was encouraging.
16. What you did just now made no difference (differ).
17. Man is short of natural (nature) resources now. They really require protecting / to be protected (protect).
18. Not only should we talk politely (polite) but also we should pay attention to our facial (face) expressions when communicating (communicate) with others.
19 The famous writer (write) is good at writing (write) detective stories. He has written (write) over 1000 detective stories since he began to write in 1995. The detective stories written (write) by him are popular all over the world.
20. Oh, the roast chicken really tastes (taste) delicious! I have never eaten such tasty (taste) dish.
21. I think we should strengthen (strong) the communication between teachers and students.
22. Martin Luther King is considered one of the greatest speakers (speak) in the 20th century. The speech (speak) he made on civil rights will always be remembered by people all over the world.
23. Mike got married (marry) last week. He decided to live with his parents after marriage (marry).
24. We can find a lot of information (inform) by surfing the Internet.
25. It is illegal (legal) to drive without a driving permit. Whoever drives without a driving permit must be punished (punish) severely.
26. Look! The managers are having a heated discussion (discuss). The problem being discussed (discuss) must be very important.
27. It was when he was seriously ill that he realized the importance (important) of health. In fact, everybody must be aware that health is the most important (important) for a person.
28. The prisoner (prison) has been in prison for years. How he longs for freedom (free).
29. At first, the Americans were mainly from European (Europe) countries. Later, more and more Asian (Asia) people migrated to the land.
30. Professor Smith, one of the famous educators (educate), once said, “One must have a good education (educate). An educated (educate) person can usually have a better job and lifestyle.”
31. The invention of electricity (electric) is really beneficial (benefit) to human.
32. Jet Le is an excellent actor (act). His wife, Lichi, is also a famous actress (act). They have both made great achievements (achieve) and contributions (contribute) film industry.
33. Liu Jun is good at doing English exams, but he is unable (able) to speak English well. In fact, we Chinese students should do more speaking to improve our speaking ability (able).
34. The woman is waiting for her husband with anxiety (anxious).
35. The surprising (surprise) news made all of us surprised (surprise).
36. Big cities usually have many amusements (amuse). In fact, there are many amusing (amuse) activities and people can feel amused (amuse) when joining in these activities.
37. The company has put on several job advertisements (advertise) in a newspaper looking for some construction designers (design).
38. The manager of the company is a non-smoker (smoke), so he doesn’t allow smoking (smoke) in the office.
39. He has drawn a conclusion (conclude) that one can’t succeed without confidence (confident).
40. The manager broke the silence (silent) and put forward some good suggestions (suggest).
41. Many Chinese people think that there are few celebrations (celebrate) in our traditional (tradition) festivals. They say they sometimes have a better time by celebrating (celebrate) western festivals.
42. Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy (health), wealthy (wealth) and wise (wisdom).
43. His advice sounds certainly (certain) very good. But I am uncertain (certain) whether it is practical (practice) or not.

 

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