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高二英语适应性练习3

适用年段:高二
试卷类型:单元测试
试卷大小:M
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更新日期:2018-03-06

高二英语适应性练习3

阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

A

Stephanie Plum Novels by Janet Evanovich

Janet Evanovich’s series about brash and beautiful New Jersey bounty hunter (赏金猎人) Stephanie Plum has readers addicted. Start with One for the Money and follow the number titles to follow Stephanie’s adventures.

Jackson Brodie Mysteries by Kate Atkinson

Atkinson’s literary thrillers are well written, intelligent and suspenseful. Jackson Brodie is a detective who solves cases in Scotland and England, and the books also have plenty of personal details about Brodie. No need to read these novels in order, although there are some connections from book to book.

Alex Cross Novels by James Patterson

Patterson’s Alex Cross series started with Along Came a Spider in 1993 and has been keeping readers entertained ever since. Patterson writes short chapters from several viewpoints, keeping the pages turning as readers solve murder cases with this likable detective.

Kinsey Milhone Mysteries by Sue Grafton

Starting with A is for Alibi, Grafton has written an alphabet of mysteries starring detective Kinsey Milhone. These murder mysteries are fast and fun.

The Southern Vampire Series by Charlaine Harris

Dead Until Dark is the first book in Charlene’s Southern Vampire Series, which inspired the HBO TV series True Blood. These novels are fast and sexy, but well written and full of interesting characters. If you like vampires (吸血鬼) or supernatural elements in stories, this is the series for you.

21. If you are interested in books about adventure, you’d like to read _____.

  A. Kinsey Milhone Mysteries              B. Alex Cross Novels

C. Stephanie Plum Novels                        D. The Southern Vampire Series

22. Which of the following is NOT the name of a book?

A. True Blood.                                              B. Along Came a Spider.  

C. One for the Money.                                    D. A is for Alibi.

23. Whose books don’t need to be read in order?

A.Janet Evanovich’s.  B. Kate Atkinson’s. C. Sue Grafton’s.  D. James Patterson’s.

B

      There are plenty of things you can feel positive knowing about Garfield — the cat who loves lasagna, hates Mondays and adores a teddy bear named Pooky. But last week, without warning, there rose a strange and sudden debate around a question about the famous cat that even creator Jim Davis needed to weigh in on: Is Garfield a boy, a girl, or no gender (性别) at all?

      The argument appears to have begun when writer Virgil Texas came across a 2014 Mental Floss interview with Davis where he described his creation Garfield as “not really male or female or any particular race or nationality, young or old.”

      In response to the quote (引用), Virgil wrote on Twitter: “FACT: Garfield has no gender. This. Is. Definite.” So sure was he of Garfield’s true gender status that Virgil even took it upon himself to update the Garfield character Wikipedia page with the information.

      But it was quickly clear that not everyone agreed with Virgil’s edits, and thus began a war over the Wikipedia entry edits. Some mentioned that Garfield is male. Others wrote that it shouldn’t matter at all whether Garfield is male or female. Washington Post reported that the battle took place over 60 hours and eventually ended when Wikipedia shut things down by locking the page.

It was a statement that soon appeared to have been made in a hurry as Jim Davis indeed soon joined in the debate, shutting everything down in one line to Washington Post: “Garfield is male.” The 71-year-old cartoonist also pointed out that Garfield has a girlfriend, Arlene, and claimed that his 2014 quotes had been “taken out of context”. “I’ve always said that I wanted to work with animals because they’re not regarded as being any particular gender, race, age or nationality”, he said. “In that sense, the humor could be enjoyed by a broader group.”

24. What does the passage mainly discuss?

    A. An argument about the gender of Garfield.

    B. The interview between Jim Davis and Virgil Texas.

    C. An update of Wikipedia entry edits about Garfield.

    D. The popularity of the famous cartoon character Garfield.

25. What does the underlined phrase “weigh in on” probably mean?

    A. Agree with.          B. Join in.              C. Put forward.        D. Care about.

26. The debate online upon the gender of Garfield was ended up by ____.

    A. writer Virgil Texas                                 B. Wikipedia

    C. Washington Post                                              D. creator Jim Davis

27. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

    A. Jim Davis’ 2014 quotes had been cut out.

    B. Garfield becomes more famous than before.

    C. Washington Post shut everything down in one line about Garfield.

    D. The creation of Garfield is aimed at entertainment rather than anything else.

C

How do you pay for things in a shop? Perhaps you like the touchable reliability of hard cash? Maybe the financial flexibility of a credit card suits you better? Or perhaps you prefer the simple convenience of a smartphone?

Whatever you use today, experts believe all these methods could soon become outdated. Instead, we will use our bodies: our eyes, our fingerprints, even our mere presence in the store. In fact it’s happening already. Amazon are trialing stores which have no checkouts, where technology tracks the items you’ve taken from the shelves and deducts (扣除) the total from your account when you leave the shop.

French supermarket Monoprix takes a different path: you choose your groceries  and leave them with a human cashier. You then leave the shop while the cashier adds up your bill, charges your account, and organizes delivery to your home.

Amir, CEO of Barclaycard predicts that such new developments mean the end of the plastic credit card. Instead, wearable items such as rings, necklaces and key chains will carry chips (芯片) that allow shoppers to shop, going between the webs, an app or in store.

And while all the above payment methods are supported by accounts held in traditional currencies, let’s not forget the rise of alternatives such as Litecoin. Virtual (虚拟) currencies can rise in value very quickly. One such possibility is explored in the movie In Time. It imagines a futuristic society in which the currency is time itself, where people trade the amount of time they have left to live.

Or perhaps we’d do better to wind back the clock to the simpler financial world of the equal exchange economy. While the term recalls images of bags of grain and herds of sheep being exchanged in ancient times, there are signs that are making a comeback in today’s world of modern technology. Maybe the only thing we know for certain is that money will keep updating.

28. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Payment is done by the cashiers at Amazon.

B. All the methods of payment have become outdated.

  C. Shopping at Monoprix is convenient for customers.

D. Customers can leave their credit cards at Monoprix.

29. What might replace the credit cards in the future according to Amir? 

A. Smartphones.                                        B. Wearable items.

C. Virtual currencies.                                  D. Fingerprints.

30. What is used as a currency in the movie In Time?

A. Litecoin.         B. Human life.          C. Time.    D. Bags of grain.

31. Which is the best title for the passage?

A. The Rise of Virtual Currencies  B. The History of Money

C. The Ending of Credit Cards            D. The Changing Nature of Money 

D

Dangers from Outer Space

What is the greatest threat to life on our planet? Is it climate change? Shortages of food or water? Or might an altogether bigger danger come from somewhere further away: space?

We’re not talking about an attack by little green men here. Instead, how about being hit by a large falling star, beat by deadly universal rays or fried by the energy of an erupting star?

It wouldn’t be the first time that our Earth has had a rough ride over the last 3.7 billion years, with some disastrous events. The most famous mass extinction (灭绝) was 66 million years ago, when it’s widely believed that a meteorite (陨石) killed off the dinosaurs. A 110-mile-wide crater in Mexico with the same geological age supports this theory.

Believe it or not, this wasn’t the worst catastrophe in our planet’s history. That was when 96% of life was wiped out at the end of the Permian period, 252 million years ago. Scientists don’t know for sure why this happened, but any potential explanations carry with them the possibility that similar events could happen again.

Some experts believe that our Sun has a twin star which is too far away to observe directly. This huge sleeping star could twist the paths of orbiting icy rocks and cast them towards the rest of the Solar System.

Is this what happened 252 million years ago? Or is there instead, perhaps, a distant, ninth planet in our Solar System which pulls in passing comets (彗星) and sends them dashing our way?

The Sun that has given us the warmth is gradually turning into a deadly enemy. Like all stars, it is slowing dying, burning through its energy supplies. As it does so, it expands, and in about 2 billion years it will have grown so much that the heat will make life on planet Earth unbearable.

While all this sounds a little horrible, take comfort from the fact that the chance of being hit by a huge interstellar projectile (星际碰撞物) is unbelievably slim, and that 2 billion years is a very long time.

32. When did dinosaurs die out according to the passage?

 A. 3.7 billion    years ago.                          B. 252 million years ago.           

 C. 66 million    years ago.                          D. 2 billion years ago.

33. Why was 96% of life destroyed at the end of the Permian period?

 A. The cause is still unknown.

 B. A huge falling star hit the earth.

 C. A twin star cast icy rocks towards the Solar System.

 D. A ninth planet pulled in passing comets.

34. What can we learn from the passage?

 A. All stars will eventually run out of energy.

 B. Our planet will be attacked by little green men.

 C. A huge sleeping star will hit the earth in millions of years.

 D. We will be fried by the energy of an erupting star.

35. What is the author’s attitude toward the dangers from outer space?

  A. Frightened.      B. Relieved.      C. Worried.         D. Doubtful.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)  

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

How to Become a Morning Person?

Here are some habits you can focus on that can help you become a better morning person:

  36  .

For five minutes each morning, write three things you are grateful for today. Practicing gratitude about what we have going for us can restructure our brain to focus on positive things.

Always have breakfast

If you're pressed for time, pick something. A breakfast gives you energy and it’s fuel for your brain.

Try reflecting

Reflecting early in the day, even for 10 minutes, helps to “clean” your brain of any disordered thoughts.   37  . With an app called Headspace you can try a guided 10-minute reflection.

Get moving

To really wake your entire body up, pick any type of physical activity.  38  . or it can be something shorter and even simpler: a morning yoga routine.

Light

Leave your bedroom curtains open.   39  , holding back melatonin (褪黑素) production and waking you up. Try to expose yourself to as much sunlight as possible.

Enough sleep

This might seem obvious but most Americans don’t get enough sleep these days. And if you're short on sleep, you'll tend to sleep late. With time, that will push you into a later and later sleep cycle.

  40  . Some people seem to be morning people, some night people.

A. Develop a positive attitude          B. Force yourself to get up in the morning

C. Keep a gratitude diary              D. It can be an exercise at the gym

E. It's not as difficult as it sounds        F. This will allow natural sunlight to come in

G. And finally remember that people differ

完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)  

A race against death

It was a cold January in 1925 in Nome, Alaska. The town was cut off from the rest of the world due to heavy snow.

On the 20th of that month, Dr Welch __41_ a sick boy, Billy, and knew he had diphtheria, a deadly infectious(传染的)disease mainly affecting children. The children of Nome would be __42__ if it struck the town. Dr Welch needed medicine as soon as possible to stop other kids from getting sick. __43__, the closest supply was over 1,000 miles away, in Anchorage.

How could the medicine get to Nome? The town's __44_ was already full of ice, so it couldn't come by ship. Cars and horses couldn't travel on the __45__ roads. Jet airplanes and big trucks didn't exist yet.

__46__ January 26, Billy and three other children had died. Twenty more were __47__. Nome's town officials came up with a(n) __48__. They would have the medicine sent by __49__ from Anchorage to Nenana. From there, dogsled(狗拉雪橇) drivers—known as “mushers”—would __50__ it to Nome in a relay(接力).

The race began on January 27. The first musher, Shannon, picked up the medicine from the train at Nenana and rode all night.  __51__ he handed the medicine to the next musher, Shannon's face was black from the extreme cold.

On January 31, a musher named Seppala had to __52__ a frozen body of water called Norton Sound. It was the most __53__ part of the journey. Norton Sound was covered with ice, which could sometimes break up without warning. If that happened, Seppala might fall into the icy water below. He would __54__, and so would the sick children of Nome. But Seppala made it across.

A huge snowstorm hit on February 1. A musher named Kaasen had to brave this storm. At one point, huge piles of snow blocked his __55__. He had to leave the trail (雪橇痕迹)to get around them. Conditions were so bad that it was impossible for him to __56__ the trail again. The only hope was Balto, Kaasen's lead dog. Balto put his nose to the ground, __57_ to find the smell of other dogs that had travelled on the trail. If Balto failed, it would mean disaster for Nome. The minutes passed by. Suddenly, Balto began to __58__. He had found the trail.

At 5:30 am on February 2, Kaasen and his dogs __59__ in Nome. Within minutes, Dr Welch had the medicine. He quickly gave it to the sick children. All of them recovered.

Nome had been __60__.

41. A. examined      B. warned      C. interviewed        D. cured

42. A. harmless        B. helpless      C. fearless           D. careless

43. A. Moreover      B. Therefore    C. Otherwise           D. However

44. A. airport        B. station          C. harbour            D. border

45. A. narrow        B. snowy          C. busy                D. dirty

46. A. From        B. On                  C. By                       D. After

47. A. tired             B. upset       C. pale                     D. sick

48. A. plan             B. excuse        C. message               D. topic

49. A. air                    B. rail                C. sea                         D. road

50. A. carry          B. return         C. mail                        D. give

51. A. Though            B. Since      C. When                  D. If

52. A. enter          B. move      C. visit                     D. cross

53. A. shameful       B. boring      C. dangerous        D. foolish

54. A. escape              B. bleed      C. swim               D. die

55. A. memory        B. exit               C. way              D. destination

56. A. find              B. fix             C. pass              D. change

57. A. pretending      B. trying        C. asking            D. learning

58. A. run                B. leave      C. bite              D. play

59. A. gathered          B. stayed        C. camped          D. arrived

60. A. controlled        B. saved        C. founded          D. developed

语法填空:

About 800 years after Marco Polo’s journey, the spirit of The Silk Road is still alive. This is thanks to a proposal by Xi Jinping back in 2013. The initiative (倡议), called the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, aims   61   (build) a trade network by linking Asia with Africa and Europe   62   ancient trade routes (路线).

So far, more than 100 countries and organizations have joined the initiative, and about 40 countries have signed cooperation   63   (agree) with China. The initiative covers 60 percent of the world’s population and about $ 20 trillion-around one   64   (three) of the world GDP.

The popularity of the Belt and Road Initiative has   65   (it) roots in the human desire to trade ideas and communicate. Just take a look at the Silk Road. It wasn’t just silk and other goods   66   were traded. Knowledge about science and technologies   67   (share) across the network. This included the four great inventions of ancient China. It was also   68   early way for languages and cultures to develop and become influenced by one another.

  69   (similar), the building of the Belt and Road doesn’t just contribute to the economic prosperity (繁荣) of the countries   70   (involve) in the Belt and Road Initiative and regional economic cooperation. It also encourages exchanges and mutual learning between different civilizations, and promotes world peace and development.

短文改错

Looking back to the National English Speaking Competition I take part in several days ago, I have a lot to share to you.

Firstly, I feel real delighted that I've won the first prize in the competition, which makes me to understand the true meaning of the proverb “No pains, no gains”. Besides, I’ve established the friendship with students from all over our country, from which I've learned a lot. More importantly, participate in this competition has enabled me to overcome my fear of speaking in public, thus developing my self-confidence. Additionally, I owe much thanks to my teachers and judges. Without his help, I couldn’t have done such excellent job.

To sum up, I will always treasure this meaningful and memorable experiences.

 

参考答案

阅读理解:CABAB  DDCBC  DCAAB  CEDFG  完形:ABDCB  CDABA  CDCDC  ABADB

61. to build    62. along      63. agreements    64. third        65. its

66. that      67. was shared  68. an          69. Similarly    70. involved

改错题

第一段:take—took; to—with 第二段:real—really;   which—whom; participate—participating; much—many; his—their; such后加an; 第三段:experiences—experience.

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