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高二英语适应性测试(1)

适用年段:高二
试卷类型:单元测试
试卷大小:M
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更新日期:2018-03-06

英语适应性测试(1

  第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

A

    Just a couple of hours ago, I was on the plane, ready to fly home from London. The flight had been delayed by a few hours so it felt good to be so close to takeoff. I had my iPod in place and a new book to read. Then, over the loudspeaker came the pilot’s voice: “The ground crew has found a metal instrument in one tire. We regret that we must cancel this flight.”

    The passengers’ reactions that announcement led to were interesting. One man close tome began to argue with a flight attendant. A couple in another row complained loudly. A businessman in a black suit actually kicked the seat in front of him. Yet some passengers responded differently. An elderly gentleman smiled as he helped others take their bags down from the overhead compartments 行李厢). A teenager, rather than trying to rush off the plane like most of the other passengers, stopped to help a woman with a disability. The lady sitting next to me laughed and said: “Hey, it’s not the end of the world,” before she made a call to her kids and shared her adventure with them. The wisest among us have a remarkable ability to maintain grounded when times get tough.

    No life is perfect; mine certainly isn’t. We all must face challenges, both large and small. You and I have the power to choose to rise above the external circumstances. We always have the choice to be strong and kind when things fall apart.

    That’s grace under pressure. My seatmate was right—things could have been so much worse. Anyway, I am safe. I have my health. I have two wonderful children. I have work I love and so much to be grateful for. Sure I now have to wait a few hours to catch the next flight home.

21. What caused the passengers’ different reactions?

  A. The loudspeaker.                                          B. The delay of the flight.

  C. The ground crew’s fault.                      D. The pilot’s announcement.

22. Who turned his anger on the seat?

  A. The teenager helping the disabled.        B. The old man taking bags down.

  C. The man in a dark suit.                                D. The man close to me.

23. What did the woman sitting next to the author do?

  A. She assisted a disabled woman.                    B. She made a phone call to her family.

  C. She helped others carry their luggage.          D. She told moving stories to her children.

24. What can we learn from the story?

  A. Our life is full of ups and downs.           B. It is natural to be scared under pressure.

  C. We should help each other in times of difficulty.D. We should be positive and calm when life is hard.

B

    A warm smile on the street, a happy “hello” in a public park or the cheery sound of your name at the neighborhood bar—it doesn’t take much to feel at home in a busy city. And in the following cities, these gestures are second nature, with locals who are quick to welcome visitors and neighbors alike.

Dublin, Ireland

    Dublin is home to some of the warmest people on the planet. One of Europe’s smaller capital cities, Dublin also benefits from a low crime rate and a widespread feeling of security, so residents (居民) are more likely to lend a stranger a helping hand. Locals speak in hushed tones in public. Talking too loudly in public gives the impression of being careless at best, and rude at worst.

Auckland, New Zealand

    New Zealand’s biggest city is also the country’s friendliest, perhaps because many of its residents are immigrants (移民). People have come from all over the world and understand what it is like to have moved to a different place, so it is welcoming for tourists and new residents. Also, the city is surrounded by amazing scenery and things to do. That’s got to make people a bit happier, and therefore friendlier.

Charleston, United States

    This city has a quiet outdoor environment that helps keep residents in good spirits. Even when you go to the department of motor vehicles, you get a smile. Like many southern US cities , Charleston moves at a slower pace. People take time to sit outside, talk to neighbor sand walk to dinner.

Victoria, Canada

    A popular tourist destination with a busy cruise port, the capital of British Columbia is known for first-rate customer service and kind hosts. Even the post men and women are super friendly and often say “good morning.” It’s got a small town and big city feel all at the same time.

25. What can be inferred from the underlined part?

  A. The behaviors of locals do not represent their true nature.

  B. It is likely that locals would hesitate to welcome visitors.

  C. Locals perform the acts naturally and without thinking.

  D. Locals do not feel at home in these busy cities.

26. In which city are locals more likely to understand tourists and new residents?

  A. Dublin.        B. Auckland.          C. Charleston.        D. Victoria.

27. What is the main purpose of the passage?

  A. To introduce the tourism in some cities.     B. To show the friendliness of different cities.

  C. To make a comparison between some cities.

D. To analyze the nature of people from different countries.

C

    In 1996, John Tierney suggested in a New York Times Magazine article that “recycling is garbage.” He wrote, “The money spent on recycling programs should have been spent on real social and environmental problems. Recycling programs not only increase energy use and pollution, but also cost more money than the disposal (处理) of plain old garbage. Recycling may be the most wasteful activity in modern America.”

    Environmental groups were quick to express their disagreement. They wrote reports on how recycling programs in cities can reduce pollution and cost less than regular garbage pickup and disposal. Michael Shapiro, an official of the US Environmental Protection Agency(EPA), said that “recycling can be good value for money, although there’s still room for improvements.”

    But in 2002, New York City, a pioneer of recycling, found that its recycling program was losing money, so it stopped glass and plastic recycling. Other major cities watched closely to see how New York was doing with its remaining program (the city never stopped paper recycling). But then it closed its last landfill (垃圾填埋地), and private companies out of New York raised prices due to the increased workload of carrying away and disposing New York’s garbage. As a result, glass and plastic recycling became profitable for the city again, and New York brought the program back. According to Cecil Adams of The Chicago Reader, the lessons learned by New York are relevant everywhere. He believes that, if managed correctly, recycling programs should cost cities less than garbage disposal.

Even though the benefits of recycling over disposal are many, keep in mind that it better serves the environment to “reduce and reuse” before recycling is even considered as a choice.

28. Why did John Tierney think “recycling is garbage”?

  A. Because he didn’t like the environmental groups.

B. Because he didn’t think recycling was a new idea.

  C. Because he found few people would like to recycle.

  D. Because he considered recycling a wasteful activity.

29. Which argument was put forward by the environmental groups?

  A. Recycling programs save money.                  B. Recycling technologies are mature.

  C. Recycling programs cause pollution.            D. Recycling technologies are valueless.

30. Why did other cities watch closely to see how New York was doing?

  A. Because New York was doing extremely well.

  B. Because they felt worried about the waste of money.

  C. Because they didn’t want to have a recycling program.

  D. Because New York was running a new recycling program.

31. Which of the following would the author most probably recommend?

  A. Always bring your own shopping bag when you go shopping.

  B. Always put your shopping bag into the dustbin after use.

  C. Never go shopping where shopping bags are offered for free.

  D. Never use a shopping bag which is not recycled.

D

   We live in a world where the great majority of our attentions are focused on what we can see. Whether we’re watching TV or working on a computer, sight has become the leading sense in modern life. But have we lost touch with our other senses?

    Dr. Charles Spence of Oxford University thinks so. In his latest report, he argues that the use of all senses is central to health. However, sensory deprivation is common in modern life, and it is harmful to our health.

    Indeed, we take it for granted that most information we use to understand our world comes through our eyes. But our other senses may be suffering. Consider the sense of touch .According to Dr. Spence, children may grow up “touch-hungry” because they are not getting enough tactile (触觉) sensations. He suggests that we put more tactile objects into our schools to help develop this sense.

    Dr. Spence may be exploring something deeper than our five senses. Life in the industrialized world is often far removed from nature, and it is no accident. For example, whether it is day or night no longer matters as much. Video arcades (电子游乐场) are open around the clock. In modern-day casinos (赌场), there are no clocks, no windows. Just the ringing of slot machines and cold hard coins. The owners there want you to lose track of time, and to be cut off from reality. Ironically, most popular video games are those modeled on real-life experiences. You can surf, snowboard or even fish! But again, you don’t feel the rise of the waves, the softness of snow, or the slipperiness of a freshly caught fish.

It is upsetting that on weekends we rush to crowded video arcades for unreal experiences. There’s nothing wrong with a little stimulation, but there’s more to life. We mustn’t forget to feed our other senses. Right now, they’re starving, and that may not be good for our health.

32. What does the underlined phrase “sensory deprivation” probably refer to?

  A. The inadequate use of a sense.              B. The excessive dependence on one sense.

  C. The loss of a sense related to poor health.      D. The failure for a sense to function properly.

33. In addition to the senses, what else is Dr. Spence probably exploring?

  A. The development of industrialization.

  B. The availability of various means of entertainment.

  C. The disconnection between modern life and nature.

  D. The comfort and ease of life brought by businesses.

34. What is ironical about video games?

  A. People could be crazy about them.            B. They stop us from contacting the real world.

  C. They enable people to do things they can’t do in reality.

  D. People turn to the unreal world for the enjoyment of the real one.

35. What is the purpose of the passage?

  A. To call for a return to the full use of all senses.  B. To warn of the danger of modern entertainment.

  C. To show the consequences of losing other senses.

  D. To criticize the hunger for profits in the industrialized world.

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    There are many ways to fame. Whatever your own recipe (秘诀) is, if you want to make it really big, don’t follow in anyone else’s footprints.   36

    1. Do something unusual

    Celebrity (成名,名人) is all about standing out from the crowd.   37   Charles Blond in started it all off 150 years ago. He walked a tightrope (钢丝) across the Niagara Falls

to the American side, in front of over 10,000 breathless viewers. After his success, Blond in crossed the Falls many more times in a variety of ways: in chains, on a bicycle, and once, blindfolded.

    2. Discover something

    The bad news is that there are no countries left to discover. The good news is that in the rainforests of Brazil, there are about three million unnamed types of beetle. One of them could be yours.   38   Though no one will enjoy hearing your name, you will be famous at least until someone comes along and discovers a cure.

    3. Appear on reality TV

   39   The growth of “reality TV” shows like Big Brother which star ordinary people, means that anyone can possibly become a star.   40   While the show is being broadcasted, you’re the biggest star on earth, but once it is over, your glamour disappears, and the life of being a nobody is waiting round the corner.

    A. What will make someone remember you?     B. What really counts is to explore a unique path

    C. Or discover a deadly disease and give it your name.

    D. They bring you fame at the speed of light, but it fades just as fast.

    E. Do something out of the ordinary and you’ll get your piece of fame.

    F. Try attending an event that addresses something you don’t know much about.

G. There have never been more chances for “regular” people to become famous.

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My brother Hershel celebrated his seventeenth birthday on January 4th, 1943. Unexpectedly, there was a(n)   41   in my family.

    Seeing young men from our village race to join the army, Hershel was greatly    42   . He made a decision on his birthday to   43   for his duty. “You’re too young!” Dad rejected. “I’m not! I can’t   44   !” Hershel declared.

    By then so many young men had lost their lives in the battlefield. Out of his    45     of losing his firstborn, Dad didn’t want to send Hershel off to war.

    The argument continued for months.    46    Dad’s signature was necessary for his service, Hershel had to persuade Dad to support him. With little progress, he became increasingly    47     and impatient.   48  , Dad realized that a son who was unhappy would accomplish little at home. He   49  , though with deep worry.

    On the day of Hershel’s   50   to begin his service in the Navy, Dad   51    him to town.     52     to speak of his love, Dad waited until the last moment, and pulled him tightly to his heart.

    One day two years later, a piece of    53   news came over the radio. Hershel’s ship had    54   ! The number of survivors was unknown. Dad’s face was crumpled (扭曲) by    55   , “Oh, no!”

    Sending his firstborn off to war must be an enormous    56    ! Without further message, the whole family were in despair.    57    filled our home. But Dad was still waiting. One day, a telegram came. It was from the war department. When Dad held it in the hand, he was    58   . With trembling fingers, he tore it open. “Hershel is alive and is coming home!” he shouted with    59   .

    When Hershel appeared in the yard, he walked slowly to Dad and hugged him fiercely. Dad, a strong man who seldom    60   emotion, embraced his son and cried openly. His son was home.

41. A. accident        B. bargain              C. quarrel              D. meeting

42. A. disturbed      B. honored            C. defeated            D. encouraged

43. A. sign up        B. look out            C. wake up            D. set out

44. A. understand          B. obey                  C. wait                  D. help

45. A. sadness        B. fear                    C. regret                D. annoyance

46. A. Unless          B. If                      C. Though              D. Since

47. A. anxious        B. serious              C. ambitious                  D. wild

48. A. Unconsciously        B. Undoubtedly      C. Eventually          D. Completely

49. A. held on        B. broke out          C. gave up              D. went away

50. A. graduation          B. signature            C. application        D. departure

51. A. carried          B. invited              C. delivered            D. accompanied

52. A. Desperate    B. Unable              C. Discouraged      D. Undecided

53. A. exciting        B. interesting          C. shocking            D. strange

54. A. broken down        B. gone away          C. broken through        D. gone down

55. A. doubt          B. sorrow                C. disappointment        D. displeasure

56. A. glory            B. challenge          C. sacrifice            D. pressure

57. A. Conflict        B. Hopelessness      C. Assumption        D. Expectation

58. A. nervous        B. ignorant            C. proud                D. calm

59. A. delight          B. disbelief            C. confidence          D. determination

60. A. hid              B. wasted                C. controlled                  D. showed

语法填空:

    In China, there are various means of transport for day-to-day living: subways, buses, cars, and even bikes… but taxis rank high on the list.

    Taxis are certainly the most convenient means of transport, as   61      requires little effort to raise your arm to call a cab. Besides, fares in China are  62          (afford). They start in daytime hours in the capital at RMB 13 yuan for  63        first 3 kilometers, after which you pay another RMB 2.3 yuan per kilometer. This is far  64          expensive than that in European capitals. In London, for example, two kilometers’ ride could cost you about RMB 63 yuan.

    Taxicabs as we know them today first   65          (appear) in China in the early 20th century, but  66         (be) the reserve (特权) of the rich and the powerful. Nowadays,  67      (take) a cab is commonplace in China.

Before coming to China, I   68         (warn) that there were awful drivers who would make long detours (绕行)  69           (get) higher fares. However, most taxi drivers I have met are nice. They know the city like the back of their hands, and are glad to be  70            some help.

短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Dear Laura,

    Thanks for letting us to stay at your seaside house. Now, you might have heard from your neighbors about which happened on Saturday evening. When I was out a walk, my younger son, Tom, played the football before your house. He made so much noise that the neighbors got quite angrily. Even worse, Tom broke one of the window of Mr. Wilson’s house. Tom and I apologized to all the neighbors for the unhappy happenings, but promised to have the broken window repair soon. Tom said that we would not do such silly things any more. I am glad that your neighbors had forgiven us. They are really nice people.

                                                                               Yours,

                                                                               Betty

参考答案

阅读理解:DCBDC  BBDAB  AACDA  BECGD  完形:CDACB  DACCD  DBCDB  CBAAD

61. it    62. affordable      3. the      64. less    65.appeared 66. were    67. taking/to take    68. was warned/ had been warned 69. to get        70. of

 

 

 

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