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英语检测卷

适用年段:高三
试卷类型:单元测试
试卷大小:M
下载量:
更新日期:2017-12-19

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绝密★启用前                                                  试卷类型:全国卷

英语检测卷

    本试题卷分第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分。考生作答时,将答案答在答题卡上(答题注意事项见答题卡),在本试题卷上答题无效。考试结束后,将本试题卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分, 满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Who is answering the phone?

A. Elaine.               B. Allan MacFarlane.        C. Bob Harris.

2. What happened to the driver?

A. He ran into a bicycle.    B. He drove too slowly.  C. He ran into a tree.

3. What can we learn from the dialogue?

A. They like summer. B. They don't like summer. C. They think hot weather is nicer.

4. When should Susan go to meet Professor Brown?

A. At 9:30.                      B. At 10:00.        C. At 10:30.

5. What does the woman plan to do this afternoon?

A. Buy a new pair of glasses.    B. Shop for some clothes.    C. Go to her classes.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。

6. Where does the conversation most likely take place?

A. In a restaurant.        B. In a hotel.       C. On the phone.

7. When does the restaurant stop serving lunch?

  A. At 1 p. m.                B. At 2 p. m.                C. At 3 p. m.

8. How many people will come with the woman for lunch?

A. One.                          B. Two.                     C. Three.

听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。

9. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Buying a car.        B. Choosing a gift.       C. Using a computer.

10. What's the relationship between the two speakers?

A. Husband and wife.    B. Professor and student.  C. Salesman and customer.

11. What do we know about the person mentioned by speakers?

A. Maybe he likes something expensive.          B. He is surely over sixty years old.

C. He must be fond of learning.

听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。

12. What's the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Close friends.    B. Strangers.            C. Colleagues.

13. What's the woman going to do?

A. She is going to work in a post office nearby.      B. She wants to do some exercise.

C. She intends to post a letter.

14. What does the woman have to do to reach the destination?

A. She has to find the entrance inside a building complex.

B. She has to turn right to the main street.       

C. She has to register her letter.

听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。

15. What is the present condition of hotline like today?

A. Poor.                       B. Popular.                     C. Rare.

16. What is the purpose of starting the hotline for teenagers?

A. To gain the belief of teenagers.      B. To make teenagers study hard.

C. To protect teenagers' rights.

17. What does the woman think of the hotline for teenagers?

A. It won't last long.      B. It will be useful.    C. It will save many lives.

听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

18. What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To report on the growing middle class of China. 

B. To introduce a US company.

C. To analyze the current market.

19. How many new babies does China have every year?

A. 11 million.             B. 20 million.                    C. 21 million.

20. Which of the following is true?

A. The toys made by China are of poor quality.

B. China has a lot of high-quality toys exported.   

C. China is behind in toys-making.

 

笫二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A.B.C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡

上将该项涂黑。

A

With more than 100,000 people aged 100 0r over, Spain is the country with the greatest life expectancy after Japan. How do you live to 100? Here,4 0f the country's centenarians(百岁老人)give their advice on staying youthful.

Pilar Fernandez, 101

She lives with her daughter Pili, granddaughters Flori and Ana in Ambas,Asturias,northern Spain. Fernandez suffered hunger and hardship during the war years alongside her nine brothers and sisters. To avoid history repeating itself, she limited herself to just one child."From pure fear, I didn't have anymore," says Fernandez. One of the best things for her health, she says, is tending livestock(家畜) and a vegetable garden.

Maximino San Miguel, 102

He lives in Leon, northern Spain.  San Miguel discovered his passion(酷爱) for amateur dramatics at the age of 80 and has participated in many local productions. He didn't go to school as a child because he was sent to work as a shepherd(牧羊人). He prefers reading books about drawing and travelling. Now this hobby, he said, has kept him full of energy.

Pedro Rodriguez, 106

He lives in Cangas de Onis, Asturias, northern Spain.  Rodriguez plays the piano every day in the living room of the flat where he lives with his wife who is nearly 20 years younger than him, Their daughters visit them often. His hobby is something that he feels has kept him young. "The nuns(修女) taught me how to play the piano as a child,"  he says.

Francisco Nunez, 112

He is from Bienvenida, Badajoz, southern Spain.  Nunez lives with his daughter. He says he doesn' t like the pensioners'  daycare center because it' s full of old people, whose negative attitude towards life affects him deeply sometimes. Despite his old age, he has always maintained(保持)a youthful outlook, and that is what has kept him going on.

21. What benefits her health according to Pilar Fernandez?

A. Having more children.                      B. Learning history.

C. Living with kids.                          D. Doing gardening.

22. What does Maximino San Miguel want to do most in his life now?

A. Working as a shepherd.                      B. Reading books.

C. Taking up painting.                        D. Going travelling.

23. Why does Francisco Nunez dislike living with other old people?

A. They may depend on his help.              B. He is sensitive to his old age.

C. They may affect his attitude to life.          D. He has more kids to look after at home.

24. What can we infer about the four old people from the text?

A. They are fond of exercising regularly.

B. They led a hard life when they were young.

C. They have the same hobbies in their free time.

D. They have their own method of staying youthful.

B

From December 5-11, millions of kids in over 180 countries will take part in the Hour of Code challenge, which coincides with Computer Science Week. It is organized by Seattle based non-profit Code. org every year. It was created to inspire students of all backgrounds and ages to love computer science, and then consider a career in software engineering.

During the Hour, which can be set aside any time of the week, participants can try programming using one or more of the free tutorials(教程) offered on the Code. org' s website.

The sessions that are organized by age and experience level and available in 45 languages, begin with a brief introduction to computer science. Then comes the fun part-coding. With tasks that include solving a problem for Disney' s daring teenager Moana, taking Alex or Steve on an adventure through a Minecraft world, or building a Star Wars Galaxy, there is something to interest everyone.

Started in 2013, the Hour of Code is now one of the biggest global learning events. While

schools are the biggest participants, corporations(法人) have started organizing the Hour of

Code events as well. For schools that want to go beyond the Hour, Code. org has created

computer science courses. Available for elementary, middle., and high schools, they can be

used by educators to offer computer science as a subject during the school year. According to

the non-profit' s website, over 43,000 teachers have undergone Code. org' s professional

learning program to teach computer science to over one million students. Of these, 2,000 are

high school teachers who aim to start a full-year computer science course in schools that have

not offered the subject before.

Though the 32 states that currently count computer science classes towards high-school

math or science requirements are a big improvement over the 12 states that recognized the

subject in 2013, there is still more to be done. But thanks to organizations like Code. org,

things can only improve. To see how you and your school can participate in this exciting event,

go to hourofcode. com.

25. What is the Hour of Code designed for kids to do?

A. Develop interest in computer science.        B. Get to know Computer Science Week.

C. Have a good command of science.          D. Make a decision about their future jobs.

26. What can students do if they attend the Hour of Code?

A. Learn languages.    B. Visit Disneyland.    C. Learn to program.    D. Go adventuring.

27. What can we learn about. the Hour of Code from the text?

A. It' s the biggest global learning event.

B. Only students liking computer can participate.

C. It' s a non-profit organization.

D. It' s an annual program.

28. What is the author's, purpose in writing the text?

A. To promote computer science.            B. To introduce the Hour of Code.

C. To show how to teach science.            D. To let kids prepare for the future.

 

C

Struggling with five kids, Mom didn't have much time or space to explore her passions

during my childhood. But she was usually up for fun, and sometimes went out of her way to

create it.

As fall turned into winter, money remained tight, for- which my parents were arguing more

than ever.  Gifts were not really in the budget that year, and Mom's spirits grew as gray as the

skies. On lop of all this stress and sadness, we discovered that most of' our Christmas tree

ornaments(装饰)  had broken during the move from New Jersey.

My mother, ever resourceful, took an unexpected action. "We lost our Christmas

ornaments," she declared,  "and we don't have enough money,  so we' re going to make our

own with the tin can lids. " Then she'd spent the past week removing and saving the lids after

meals, and that day she eagerly waited for us kids to arrive before cutting them into stars,

bells, angels, and trees. My brothers and I got to choose our shapes and decorate them as we

laughed, sang carols(圣诞颂歌) , told tales about our new teachers and classmates, and took

pleasure in Mom' s renewed cheer. That December afternoon at the picnic table was more

memorable than most Christmas mornings full of shiny- paper and expensive gifts.

To this day, my brothers and I speak fondly of our "tin can Christmas" as we point out the few surviving ornaments on our parents’ tree. Primitive(粗糙的) , yet crafted with love and hope, they are more precious than most of the store-bought new ones. The magic of that particular Christmas came directly through my mother, who could turn tin cans into angels, and darkness into light.

29. What made the author's parents argue more than ever as winter was near?

A. Part-time jobs.                          B. No gifts for kids.

C. Financial hardship.                        D. Broken Christmas tree.

30. Why did the author's mother make their own Christmas tree ornaments?

A. To save money.                              B. To educate the children.

C. To kill her time.                               D. Just for fun.

31. What can we learn about the author' s mother from the last paragraph?

A. She was very good at doing business.

B. She had a positive attitude towards life.

C. She was inconsiderate to the author' s father.

D. She made money by selling handicrafts.

D

From losing weight to quitting smoking, each December people around the world make a

New Year' s resolution(决心) . But studies have shown that despite their best effort, most will

fail.

Professor Peter Herman, a psychology lecturer at the University of Toronto says that the

reasons why resolutions fail are clear. "They are riot realistic in some or all of the following

respects: people think that they can change themselves more quickly; they think that they can

change much more than anyone else; or they think they can change everything more easily. "

Professor Herman suggests that the issue may be a cycle of failure and renewed effort.

which he calls " the false-hope syndrome" (虚妄期盼综合征). The cycle begins with a difficult self-change task. such as overeating or smoking-common yet rarely successful changes. While people may make some initial progress in the task, eventually they fail to achieve their goal. Having failed, they interpret(解释)their failure to convince themselves that with a few adjustments they will succeed. Finally, they begin to embark on another attempt, and the cycle repeats.

In his paper on the topic, Professor Herman and his co-author, Janet Polivy, write, “People tend to make the same resolutions year after year, vowing(发誓) on average l0 times to get rid of a particular vice (恶习). "Obviously. every renewed vow represents a certain failure; otherwise. there would be no need for yet another attempt, Equally obviously, unsuccessful attempts do not decrease the. chance of making future palls for self-change. Even those who are finally successful at sticking to their resolutions make the attempt five or six times on average before succeeding.

Expecting to make a breakthrough is not a good way, so Professor Herman says that the

best way of sticking to your resolution is to expect the changes little by little rather than a major

transformation. He told Mail Online," Often this means scaling back(缩减)your resolution to

something that is actually manageable.”

32. Why do most people fail in their New Year's resolutions according to Professor Herman?

A. They doesn't do their best at all.        B. They make unrealistic resolutions.

C. They want to stay unchanged.          D. They change them frequently.

33. What does the underlined part "embark on” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Undertake.    B. Abandon.    C. Welcome.    D. Represent.

34. How to achieve your New Year's resolutions in Professor Herman's opinion?

A. Set a big resolution.    B. Make a breakthrough.

C. Expect gradual changes. D. Believe in yourself.

35. What may be the best title for the text?

A. Actions Speak Louder Than Words            B. Think Twice Before You Do

C.A Bargain Is a Bargain                      D. Good Plan Is Half Done

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入夺白处的最佳遗项,并住答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Hackers (黑客)seem mysterious and dangerous to many people.They use computer programming to enter other people's computers and steal their information.

        36    We often see news about teenagers getting arrested because of hacking into emails, bank accounts or even national security sites. You may wonder how and why they become hackers at such a young age. The report explains more the group of teenager hackers.

    According to the report, online resources make it easy for youth to pick up hacking.  37  And there are even websites built especially for them to attack so they can practice their skills.

    The report also said that often the goal or the teenager hackers is not getting money, but a sense of pleasure. Xiaohao, a 15-year-old hacker from Sichuan, seemed to agree.“  38  And we want to be known among other hackers," he told Chengdu Commercial Daily.

    “  39  Some can also do good activities, and that's where we should lead the young hackers," said Dr Alice Hutching from the University of Cambridge, the United Kingdom.

    Hackers who do good activities are usually called white hat hackers. Instead of attacking the weakness of websites, they help find and fix them.  40  “I want to take part in the China Internet Security Conference, and maybe work in the internet industry one day," he said.

A. Many of these hackers start young.

B. We hack something just to see if we can.

C. White hat hackers usually do bad activities.

D. Many teenagers make a lot of money by hacking.

E. Xiaohao also wants to put his skills to good use.

F. Luckily,not all the hackers do criminal things.

G. Teenagers can learn the skills in hacking communities.

 

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Every New Year's Eve in the past, we had breakfast at Aunt Dot's house.  My most vivid  41  of the meal was the centerpiece(中心装饰品)that Aunt Dot always   42   on her kitchen table-seven sets of salt and pepper shakers.  It wasn't until years later that I finally asked Aunt Dot about the unusual centerpiece.

She was then 87 but she  43  invited us to the last breakfast of the year. I had   44   early that morning to help with the meal  45  .Though weak, Aunt Dot was  46  stirring(搅拌)pancake batter(糊状物)as she  47  my question. "You know I arrange those salt and pepper shakers on the table every single year.”

“I know," I said,  48  plates on the table. "But  49  do you always do that on New

Year's Eve morning?"

“It helps to remind me that  50  the holidays are over, there's another whole year of them coming," Aunt Dot said thoughtfully.

I nodded  51  ,"1 guess that makes sense. "

"Let me tell you something more," she said.“I’ve learned over my many Tears that nothing really  52  ; every ending in life is really just another new  53  . " She pointed at me with the batter-covered spoon. "  54  that, my dear.”

"I will," I told her.

In the spring of that year, after a short illness, Aunt Dot passed away. To my  55 , I got the holiday salt and pepper shakers which I thought would be given to her own children. I  56  Aunt Dot wanted to make sure I remembered her philosophy(生活信条).

I continued Aunt Dot's breakfast  57  at my own apartment with the salt and pepper shakers centerpiece  58  . The pancakes are never as delicious as Aunt Dot's,  59  the center of the table is covered with those old salt and pepper shakers,  60  us all that every ending is really just another beginning.

41. A. dream            B. memory       C. mind          D. worry

42. A. changed          B. listed          C. arranged        D. cooked

43. A. still              B. even         C. ever            D. just

44. A. come through     B. come up        C. come over      D. come across

45. A. orders            B. purchases      C. shares        D. preparations

46. A. enthusiastically    B. nervously      C. sadly        D. bravely

47. A. went through      B. figured out      C. replied to      D. made out

48. A. removing        B. appreciating     C. washing       D. setting

49. A. when            B. why             C. what          D. where

50. A. now that         B. in case          C. as though      D. even if'

51. A. in vain           B. in doubt          C. in agreement    D. in demand

52. A. ignores          B. stops             C. requires       D. lives

53. A. beginning         B. surviving        C. challenging     D. escaping

54. A. Remember       B. Forgive           C. Forget         D. Experience

55. A. disappointment    B. surprise          C. sadness         D. relief

56. A. find             B. decide           C. guess          D. notice

57. A. principle          B. method           C. law            D. tradition

58. A, under control      B. broken           C. changed        D. in place

59. A. but               B. so              C. and            D. for

60. A. announcing       B. reminding        C. persuading      D. suggesting

第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式,并

将答案填写在答题卡上。

Number l in Chinese Culture

Number l is the simplest number, but has 61  most complex cultural meaning in

Chinese culture. It has the meaning of the beginning, the origin, and the whole,  62  was

first suggested by Lao Zi, a well-known philosopher in ancient China in his classic text-Tao

Te Ching. Meanwhile, this number  63  (regard) as "the mother of all creatures" by some

other Chinese philosophers in ancient times. Chinese people respect it for its meaning of the

first and winner as the same in Western culture. It is easy  64  (find) how people love the

word from Chinese ancient literature. There are over 260 phrases and more than 420 idioms

65  (begin) with this word in Chinese language system. In Chinese culture, it is  66  lucky nor unlucky, The  67  (combine) with some other numbers has positive meanings, such as 1314.

  68  (it) pronunciation in Chinese sounds similar to lifetime or forever, which is widely used between  69  (lover). Sometimes,1(Yi in Chinese pinyin) sounds similar to the word "You"( Ni in Chinese pinyin). The common use of 5211314 in network language means。‘I love you forever". 521  70  (simple) means “I love you", which is the most beautiful line to all.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文

中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

It was a sunny day today and I go to Xishan Park for a spring outing. The moment I

entered the park, a variety of beautiful flowers or green trees came into sight. Attracting by the

beauty, I couldn't stop taking photos. As I wandered along the path, enjoying the beautiful

view, I noticed anything unpleasant. Two schoolgirls jumped over the fence pick flowers.

Obviously, they didn't realize that her behavior had done great damage to the beauty of the

park. Without a hesitation, I went up and stopped them polite. Quite embarrassed, the two

girls came in immediately. Then they took a number of picture outside the fence. Seeing that,

I smiled and everything looked nicer in my eyes.

笫二节书面表达

假定你是李华,今年暑假打算于6月28日至7月18日和你班20名同学一起去英国参

加游学夏令营。请用英语给该活动负责人Bill写一封电子邮件,联系有关事宜。内容应包

括:

1.希望派车全程接送;  2.请求派一名辅导教师随行帮助;

3.咨询具体活动安排、食宿及费用等。

注意:

1.词数100左右;  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计人总词数。

Dear Bill,

 

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